The Karamoja region in North Eatern Uganda was first mapped at a scale of 1:250,000 and published in the ‘Geology of Karamoja’ by Williams (1966). Macdonald (1961, 1966), Williams (1966), Elepu et al. (2012) and Baglow et al. (2012) sub-divided the rocks of the Karamoja region into the Karamoja and the Karasuk. The Karamoja Group is made up of a mixed assemblage of granite gneiss, migmatite, biotite gneiss, banded biotite and garnet gneiss, granulite and charnockite, leucocratic granite gneiss, and minor intrusive rocks. The Karasuk Group consists of a mixture of undifferentiated granite gneiss, quartzite with amphibolite bands and marble.
Gold has been exploited in several places in the Karamoja region in shallow alluvial pits and as alluvials in streams in several locations. Production and grades have not been recorded. Artisanal gold workings have been developed on alluvial gold occurrences in many of the streams in the Karamoja area and on less common colluvial gold locations.
The first competitive licensing round for some of the unlicensed areas was announced in February 2015. It covered six areas in the Albertine Graben for which data was already available. They are Ngassa (410 Km2) in Hoima District, Taitai & Karuka (565 Km2) in Buliisa District, Ngaji (895 Km2) in Rukungiri & Kanungu Districts, Mvule (344 Km2) in Moyo and Yumbe Districts together with Turaco (425 Km2) and Kanywataba (344 Km2) in Ntoroko District. .