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pdf Global Trends in Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM): A Review of Key Numbers and Issues Popular

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Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) has experienced explosive growth in recent years due to the rising value of mineral prices. From only 6 million directly engaged in ASM in 1993 to over 40 million in 2017. That compares with only 7 million people working in industrial mining in 2013.