Artisanal and Small Scale Mining (ASM) in Uganda has important implications for sustainable development. However, it has to date received inadequate attention despite its potential to impact livelihoods, provide crucial inputs for domestic economic development, have closer links with the local economy, generate more local jobs and ultimately contribute to poverty reduction.
ASM operations exist in an uncertain legal and regulatory environment, with a lack of publicly available and easily accessible geological data, which exacerbates wasteful exploration and discourages investment in the sector. The ASM mining communities in Uganda remain quite poor and prone to conflict and social unrest.
This study attempts to understand the entire environment surrounding ASM, the nature of their activities, challenges, economic potential and viability in an increasingly mechanised society.